Apprenticeship in the activity organisation and sports professions
Learning is based on the principle of work/study training. It provides the professional skills needed to practice a trade in an apprenticeship Training Centre (CFA) and in the company of the employer with whom the apprentice signs a contract.
An apprenticeship contract is a specific private law employment contract concluded between an employer and an employee for a limited period (fixed-term contract) or indefinite period (permanent contract).
Its objective is to provide general, theoretical and practical training with a view to acquiring a professional qualification recognised by a diploma or professional title registered in the National Register of Professional Qualifications (RNCP).
An apprentice master is responsible for guiding the apprentice through the company to acquire the skills necessary to obtain the diploma for which they are preparing, in conjunction with the CFA.
The structuring of professional diplomas in the field of activity organisation and sport, based on work/study training, is favourable to the development of apprenticeships, especially since the professional integration of apprentices works well. All professional diplomas in the fields of activity organisation and sport, from level V to level II, are available for apprenticeships.
Terms and Conditions
1 - Age
In principle, the apprentice must be between 16 and 25 years old (inclusive - 29 years in Corsica in 2019), but there are exceptions.
Minimum age: this may be lowered to 15 years: if he or she reaches this age between the beginning of the school year and 31 December of the calendar year, and if they have completed their 3rd-grade year.
Maximum age: this can be extended to 30 years: if an apprentice signs a new apprenticeship contract leading to a higher level of qualification than that already obtained, or if his or her previous apprenticeship contract has been terminated for reasons beyond his or her control. In both cases, no more than one year must elapse between the two contracts.
On an experimental basis, until 31 December 2019, the maximum age limit is being increased to 30 years.
No upper age limit
When the apprenticeship contract is concluded by a person recognised as a disabled worker; When the apprenticeship contract is concluded by a person who has a project to set up or take over a business, the completion of which is subject to obtaining the diploma or title certifying the training pursued; When the apprenticeship contract is concluded by a person (trainers, referees and sports judges) registered as a top-level sportsman on the list drawn up by the Minister for Sport.
2 - The duration
The duration of the contract is at least equal to that of the training cycle (between one and three years). It must be at least 400 hours per year on average. It can be modified under certain conditions and with the authorisation of the apprenticeship inspector.
For disabled workers and high-level athletes: The duration of the apprenticeship contract may be extended to four years; The teaching provided in the CFA may be increased by one year compared to the standard duration of the training.
3 - Remuneration
During the term of the contract, the apprentice is an employee and, as such, benefits from labour legislation, like all others. An apprentice's minimum wage is calculated based on age and year of training. This can range from 25% to 78% of the Smic (minimum wage). Collective agreements applicable in the company may set higher minimum wages.
4 - Working conditions
The apprentice is subject to the same working hours as the other employees of the company (unless he or she is under 18 years of age) and has the same rights (legal paid leave, maternity or paternity leave, etc.). To prepare for his or her tests, the apprentice is entitled to an additional five working days' leave in the month preceding them. If the apprentice is under 21 years of age, he or she may request additional unpaid leave under certain conditions.
How to become an apprentice.
The signature of an apprenticeship contract between an apprentice and an employer in the commercial, public or associative sector is required. It is drawn up in three original copies. They must be submitted to the CFA for validation. Then, the first copy is kept by the apprentice, the second is given to the employer, and the third is sent for registration: to the competent consular body (Chamber of Trades and Crafts or Chamber of Agriculture or Chamber of Commerce and Industry) if the employer is a company, or to the Unité Territoriale de la Directe, when the employer is in the non-industrial and commercial public sector.
The State as a guarantor of the proper functioning of apprenticeships:
All apprenticeship training leading to diplomas awarded by the Ministry of Youth and Sport falls within the jurisdiction of the Regional Director for Youth and Sport and Social Cohesion. Apprenticeship is subject to dual control by the apprenticeship inspectorate, which is responsible for monitoring the proper conduct of the training and its pedagogical aspects (for the youth and sports sector, apprenticeship inspection is carried out by youth and sports inspectors, commissioned for this purpose by the Minister), and the labour inspectorate, which ensures that the regulations are applied.
- Download the Apprenticeship Booklet for Employers
- Download the Apprenticeship Booklet for apprentices
You can consult...
The specialised website about apprenticeship: www.alternance.gouv.fr
Apprenticeship in the sports and activity organisation professions
An apprenticeship contract is a special type of employment contract in which the employer undertakes to:
Pay a salary
provide training for the young worker
Training is free of charge for the apprentice. Remuneration depends on his or her age, and the status of the employer (private or public).
See also the section Why become an apprentice? on the website of the Ministry of Labour, Employment, Vocational Training and Social Dialogue
You wish to recruit an apprentice
You are a private or public employer, developing activities in the field of activity organisation and sport and you wish to recruit a young apprentice to train him or her.
You are a private employer: understand what I need to do, my advantages in hiring an apprentice
If you are an association and you would like help and support, consult Etreemployeur.fr
If you are a public employer, consult the website of the Ministry of Public Service
The apprenticeship contract
The apprenticeship contract may be concluded: for a limited period, at least equal to that of the training cycle covered by the contract. This duration varies between 12 and 36 months, depending on the training and the diploma being undertaken; in the case of a permanent contract (CDI), it begins with an apprenticeship.
Consult the website of the Ministry of Employment dedicated to apprenticeship: you can post your recruitment offer on the website.
The apprentice master
Usually, an experienced employee motivated to hold this position and officially designated by the employer. He or she can also enlist the help of other people (tutoring team) to enrich the support offered to the apprentice, depending on the skills sought.
Important: in the activity organisation and sport profession sector and, in particular, for very small associations, which do not have paid employees, to take into account the nature of working in these structures, it is accepted that the apprentice master may be a volunteer, subject to him or her possessing the skills described below.
In conjunction with the CFA, the apprentice master's mission is to contribute to the apprentice's acquisition within the organisation (company, association, local authority, etc.) of the skills corresponding to the diploma being undertaken.
The number of apprentices supervised by an apprentice master is limited to two apprentices.
Who can be an apprentice master?
Anyone who can prove their competence:
have a diploma or title corresponding to the training being undertaken by the apprentice and have two years' professional experience;
or have three years' professional experience related to the training being undertaken.
Possible and specific financial assistance in the fields of activity organisation and sport
Several possible financial aid options: tax exemptions, regional apprenticeship bonus (minimum 1,000 euros), tax credit, etc. ( To find out more)
For sports associations (within the framework of the CNDS): from 2015, 6,000 euros per year for a maximum of two years for the recruitment of an apprentice and cumulable with other financial assistance.
Some figures on apprenticeship in the activity organisation and sports professions in Île-de-France
Approximately 1,000 apprentices in professions involving activity organisation and sports, 60% of whom are in sport
More than 90% of apprentices have graduated from their apprenticeship contract
30% of apprentices are in the voluntary sector
41% of apprentices are still in post six months after the end of the training, 53% of them on permanent contracts
List of training courses in Apprenticeship Contracts at the CSJC
BPJEPS Physical Activities for All "world of employment"
BPJEPS Fitness Activities
Dual-qualification BPJEPS Physical Activities for All "Nature and Environment" and BPJEPS Canoe-Kayak and Associated Disciplines in white water
BPJEPS Physical Activities for All "team sport: football"
DEJEPS Development of Projects, Regions and Networks